Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative

View our entire “Defending Virginia’s Participation in RGGI” video series here.

The Latest

On December 7, 2022, the Air Pollution Control Board voted in support of the proposed regulations to withdraw Virginia from RGGI. Once Executive Review is completed, the proposed regulations will be announced on the Virginia Registry and a 60-day public comment will commence. Stay tuned here for updates.

In a letter to the Air Board, Virginia legislators state that this regulatory action is unlawful and that only the General Assembly has the authority to end the state’s participation in this vital program. However, on December 7, 2022, a representative for the Office of the Attorney General (OAG) stated the Air Board does have authority, despite a previous opinion that was shared with Air Board members allegedly stating that the board did not have authority to do so.

Regardless, that doesn’t mean that we should not take the administration’s action seriously.

While Regulatory Actions typically take 18-24 months, the Youngkin administration plans to complete this action before the current RGGI contract ends in December 2023. The VAEEC has developed an estimated timeline for this process, which can be viewed on our RGGI FAQ page.

RGGI 101

Deerfield Apartments in Crewe; photo credit: project:HOMES

What is RGGI? The Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI) is a regional cap and trade program designed to reduce carbon dioxide emissions from the power sector. Regulated power plants are given allowances for CO2 emissions, which are then auctioned each quarter. In 2020, Virginia became the first southern state to join RGGI. The state’s proceeds from these quarterly auctions are then used for energy-efficient affordable housing, coastal resilience, and community flood preparedness.

What energy efficiency programs does RGGI fund? Virginia is the only RGGI state that dedicates fifty percent of its carbon-trading funds to make both new and existing low-income housing more energy-efficient, allowing weatherization providers and affordable housing developers to provide safe, affordable, and energy-efficient homes to low-income families like never before. In Virginia’s first year of participation, RGGI provided nearly $114 million in revenue for energy-efficiency programs.

How are RGGI funds administered? The Housing Innovation Energy Efficiency (HIEE) fund, administered by the Department of Housing and Community Development, provides capital to make energy efficiency upgrades to both new and existing housing.

For existing housing, the Weatherization Deferral Repair (WDR) program works in tandem with the federal weatherization program to provide funds for major health and safety repairs- such as new roofs, HVAC replacements, mold remediation, and leak repairs- that would otherwise go unresolved if these funds did not exist. Once a weatherization provider makes the WDR repairs, they can then fully weatherize the home through the federal weatherization program.

“WDR allows us to return to clients who have applied for weatherization but have been deferred for services due to major home repairs needed”, said Bradley Strahm, Business Development Specialist at Community Housing Partners. “These clients do not have the financial resources to make these home repairs, so many have been waiting for several years before they can receive energy-saving weatherization services.”

The Affordable and Special Needs Housing (ASNH) program funds leverage federal and state financing options to ensure more energy-efficient affordable housing comes to market every day. These RGGI dollars administered through the HIEE fund, are provided as forgivable, no-interest loans and are capped at $2M or 10% of construction costs per project. In order to receive these funds, a project must provide additional high performance criteria- above and beyond what is already required for the Low-Income Housing Tax Credit- depending on project type. Since its inception, HIEE funding from RGGI has financed nearly $29M in energy-efficient upgrades for new and renovated affordable housing.

“The Affordable and Special Needs Housing dollars from RGGI that were allocated to the projects that Piedmont Housing Alliance is undertaking provide direct investments into the lives of the lower income, working class renters and homeowners who will call these communities home.  These families will spend hundreds of dollars less a year on energy costs on average – hundreds of dollars that translates to stable, safe, warm home environments,” said Sunshine Mathon, Executive Director of the Piedmont Housing Alliance.

RGGI dollars are being used in every region of Virginia. From major health and safety repairs on existing housing to the construction of affordable, energy-efficient homes, RGGI  dollars are making a major difference and creating high-paying jobs that cannot be outsourced.

Ridge Apartments in Woodstock; photo credit: CHP Energy Solutions

How do these programs make a difference? Low-income households face a disproportionately higher energy burden. Energy burden, as defined by the Department of Energy, is the percentage of gross household income spent on energy costs. Nationally, the energy burden of households not considered low-income is estimated at 3%. According to DOE’s Low-Income Energy Affordability Data (LEAD) Tool the national energy burden average for low-income households is 8.6%, nearly three times higher. In Virginia, some communities average as high as 19%, according to the Virginia Department of Energy. This can mean choosing between paying utility bills, paying rent, or purchasing medicine and groceries.

Inefficient housing is a key factor leading to high energy burdens. In a report on high energy burden, the American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy highlights weatherization as a long-term strategy to mitigate the effects of high energy burden on low-income families.

Virginia’s participation in RGGI is one such strategy. In the first year, RGGI provided nearly $114 million in revenue for low-income energy efficiency housing programs in Virginia. That’s more than every other energy efficiency program in the state, combined.

Current RGGI Proceeds for Virginia

Auction NumberDateTotal ProceedsTotal Energy Efficiency Funds
Auction 513/3/2021$43,589,868.40 $21,794,934.20
Auction 526/2/2021$45,416,614.62$22,708,307.31
Auction 539/8/2021$52,995,538.50$26,497,769.25
Auction 5412/1/2021$85,634,562.00$42,817,281.00
Auction 553/9/2022$74,219,112.00$37,109,556.00
Auction 566/1/2022$76,418,182.90$38,209,091.45
Auction 579/7/2022$73,944,212.95$36,972,106.48
All Auctions$452,218,091.37$226,109,045.69


Check out the VAEEC’s case studies and one-pagers below to learn more about how the Weatherization Deferral Repair and Affordable & Special Needs Housing programs are helping Virginians across the Commonwealth.

VAEEC’s Official Comments to the Air Board in Support of RGGI (submitted 10/13/22)


RGGI Fact Sheet & 2022 HB1301/SB532 Talking Points

RGGI 2022 Budget Amendments Talking Points

ASNH Funds by Region

Eastern Shore: WDR Funds Improving Homes in Virginia’s Eastern Shore

Nottoway County: WDR Funds Improving Senior Apartments

Town of Woodstock: WDR Funds Improving Low-Income Housing

Video Series: Defending Virginia’s Participation in RGGI

For more information on RGGI and HIEE, visit the DHCD website. You can also view the presentation slides from the VAEEC’s “Making a Difference in Low-Income Housing: How the RGGI Auctions Affect EE Work” panel at our Spring 2021 Forum.

News Articles


Sep 22

RGGI funds have been a game-changer for many low-income homes

As Congress passes historic climate legislation for the first time in decades, Virginia has already been combating climate change via...
Read More